oupacademic:


By the time the AIDs virus, HIV, was discovered in 1983 it had been silently spreading in Africa for over 50 years. First it jumped from chimps to humans in south east Cameroon, most likely via a bush meat hunter. But scientists pinpoint Kinshasa (formerly Leopoldville, capital of the Belgian Congo) 700 kilometres away as the epicentre of the pandemic. So an unwitting human virus carrier probably took HIV down the Sangha and Congo Rivers by ferry, reaching the city by the 1920s. Then, aided by an explosion in STDs in the 1930s and possible virus transmission via antibiotic treatment using contaminated needles in the 1940s-1950s, the virus gained a foothold in Kinshasa. But there the trail went cold - exactly how HIV spread from Kinshasa to the rest of Africa remained a mystery.
Now scientists have found the answer – the railways. Built by colonial powers from the 1920s onwards to transport diamonds from remote mining towns to Leopoldville, trains inadvertently carried the virus inside human cargo to these rapidly growing centres. And from there HIV stealthy crept across Africa. Then in 1964 the virus took flight to Haiti and onwards to the US three years later – its global journey had begun. 

- Dorothy H. Crawford, author of Virus Hunt
Image: Union of South Africa rail travel, by Andrew. CC-BY-2.0 via Flickr.

Enlightening!

oupacademic:

By the time the AIDs virus, HIV, was discovered in 1983 it had been silently spreading in Africa for over 50 years. First it jumped from chimps to humans in south east Cameroon, most likely via a bush meat hunter. But scientists pinpoint Kinshasa (formerly Leopoldville, capital of the Belgian Congo) 700 kilometres away as the epicentre of the pandemic. So an unwitting human virus carrier probably took HIV down the Sangha and Congo Rivers by ferry, reaching the city by the 1920s. Then, aided by an explosion in STDs in the 1930s and possible virus transmission via antibiotic treatment using contaminated needles in the 1940s-1950s, the virus gained a foothold in Kinshasa. But there the trail went cold - exactly how HIV spread from Kinshasa to the rest of Africa remained a mystery.

Now scientists have found the answer – the railways. Built by colonial powers from the 1920s onwards to transport diamonds from remote mining towns to Leopoldville, trains inadvertently carried the virus inside human cargo to these rapidly growing centres. And from there HIV stealthy crept across Africa. Then in 1964 the virus took flight to Haiti and onwards to the US three years later – its global journey had begun. 

- Dorothy H. Crawford, author of Virus Hunt

Image: Union of South Africa rail travel, by Andrew. CC-BY-2.0 via Flickr.

Enlightening!

339 notes

plasmatics-life:

Pagani Huayra | ActivFilms.TV | (by Trevor Thompson)

This is like Batman & Robin 2015 car! LOVE IT

plasmatics-life:

Pagani Huayra | ActivFilms.TV | (by Trevor Thompson)

This is like Batman & Robin 2015 car! LOVE IT

1,288 notes

newyorker:

Every day, we share a drawing based on current events. Here’s today’s cartoon by David Sipress.

JAJAJAJAJAJA

newyorker:

Every day, we share a drawing based on current events. Here’s today’s cartoon by David Sipress.

JAJAJAJAJAJA

275 notes

World Food Day

oupacademic:

image

In celebration of World Food Day on 16 October 2014, we have put together a collection of free content and recommended books on all things related to the economics of food. Hover over the image above to learn more or check out a free collection of online content and recommended reading on the topic of Agricultultural Economics, Farming, and Climate Change.

43 notes

The New Yorker Digital Interview with Edward Snowden

newyorker:

imageAt the New Yorker Festival last weekend, the N.S.A. whistle-blower spoke via live video with staff writer Jane Mayer. View the full virtual interview.

I hope that this good honest sincere and patriotic young millenial will get out of this mess soon and that he may find peace ~TSJ

164 notes

No puedooooooo! gati!!!!

No puedooooooo! gati!!!!

(Source: ernbenauer)

15,282 notes

wow super awesome i want ‘em all~

wow super awesome i want ‘em all~

(Source: bgew)

116,041 notes

wetheurban:

DESIGN: Merchant Square Footbridge by Knight Architects

London’s Merchant Square Footbridge rises and lowers like an ornamental fan. 

Read More

754 notes

Me lo comoooooooo! DOGGY CHEETOS

Me lo comoooooooo! DOGGY CHEETOS

(Source: rosiepig)

168,578 notes

plasmatics-life:

Moon / Rainbow ~ By Josh Rokman

Very cool, the moon is Divine Mother and the Sun is Heavenly Father and we NEED BOTH~ to exist~!

plasmatics-life:

Moon / Rainbow ~ By Josh Rokman

Very cool, the moon is Divine Mother and the Sun is Heavenly Father and we NEED BOTH~ to exist~!

24,386 notes

saatchiart:

Artist of the Day | Jaime Rozen
See more works

De verdad me gusta esta explosión de colores!

248 notes

tuimaouu:

Backstage at Gents Spring 2015 Ph.Eric White

Very cool pic~

tuimaouu:

Backstage at Gents Spring 2015 Ph.Eric White

Very cool pic~

9,592 notes

wetheurban:

"Splendor in the Grass" by Andre Titcombe for WeTheUrban #8

Nathan Brewer & Bradley Reed (AMCK) photographed by Andre Titcome and styled by Anna Volosenko with pieces from Alan Taylor, Kit Neale, Wood Wood, Ben Sherman and more in an exclusive for WeTheUrban #8!

CLICK HERE TO VIEW THE FULL ISSUE

Photography: Andre Titcombe / Styling: Anna Volosenko / Hair: Louise Plews / MUA:  Rebecca Butterworth / Models: Nathan Brewer & Bradley Reed @ AMCK 

Cool models!

671 notes